Vajdahunyad Castle was built between I896 and 1908
its various parts illustrate the different styles of Hungarian
It was designed by Ignác Alpár,
and derived its name from the wing facing the lake,
which is an imitation of the Castle of Vajdahunyad in
Transylvania, the family castle of János Hunyadi, the
hero of the Turkish wars, which was built in its present
form in the fifteenth century (today Hunedoara, Rumania).
A Gothic gate leads to the courtyard. To the
left are Romanesque buildings; the chapel uses motifs
of the famous thirteenth-century Benedictine abbey
at Ják in Western Hungary, the most beautiful surviving
relic of Romanesque architecture in the country.
The chapel is flanked by a pseudo-medieval ambulatory
with a corner turret. The buildings facing the lake
are imitations of a castle-wall and a feudal castle.
On the opposite side, the outstanding structure
among the Gothic group of buildings is the copy of
the castle-tower of Segesvár in Transylvania (now
Sighisoarã, Rumania). Inside there is a Gothic court-
yard with some early Renaissance elements.
The largest façade facing the courtyard was built in
Baroque style. Opposite is the statue of Anonymus, his
face hidden in his monk's hood symbolising the fact
that the identity of the thirteenth-century chronicler is
unknown-even today we do not know much more
about him than that he worked at the royal court. His
work "Gesta Hungarorum", written in Latin and based
on earlier chronicles now lost, contains the Hunnish-Hungarian
cycle of legends as well as the history of
the Magyar Conquest and of the first kings of the
House of Árpád. (The statue is the work of Miklós